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Communist China - Roots Of Madness Reel-6

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Video title
Communist China - Roots Of Madness Reel-6
Auto-translated text View Original Source
c. 1830 AD - c. 1960 AD (C19th AD - C20th AD)
Video description

Shot List: R6:00:56:15;06 Chiang Kai-shek reviews the Chinese troops trained by General Stilwell. Chiang Kai-shek wants to hoard these troops to use against the Communist after the war ends, General Stilwell violently objects and wants to use the Chinese troops immediately to fight the Japanese. Stilwell had reported accurately that Chiang had not committed his best troops nor American aid to fight the Japanese, but instead held back troops and supplies for an eventual showdown with wartime Communist allies. President Roosevelt sent a special delegation headed by General Patrick Hurley to heal the growing rift between Chiang Kai-shek and General Stilwell. No compromise is possible and Stilwell is relived of his command in 1944. R6:00:57:07;22 In 1945 the world rejoices as Japan surrenders. Show the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. Scenes of the surrender of Japan on the deck of the USS Missouri, the Communist are not represented. To stop the foreseen Chinese civil war between the Nationalist and the Communist, China Ambassador Patrick Hurley meets Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) in Yan'an and proposes Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) divide the country politically. Shows Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) exiting a plane in Chongqing (Chungking) to meet with Chiang Kai-shek for talks brokered by President Harry S. Truman to engineer a coalition government for a united China. Scene of Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) toasting an agreement. Out in the field the race is on as to who will accept the surrender of the Japanese garrisons and receive the weapons, Nationalists or Communist. Shows troops of Chiang Kai-shek boarding planes to fly to the major cities in the Yangtze River Valley. R6:00:59:17;20 With the defeat of the Japanese and an agreement between the Nationalist and Communists to politically divide China and Manchuria the race continues to which side would accept the weapons from the Japanese and occupy that territory. Knowing Chiang Kai-shek had planes and intended to fly into the major cities of the Yangtze River Valley the Communist felt Manchuria would be their target. Zhou Enlai (Chou En Lai) was chosen to make the push into Manchuria. Animated map shows the route the Communist would take. Shows Communist troops using pack mules to move into Manchuria. Shows route Chiang Kai-shek planned to fly troops into the cities of Manchuria. R6:00:59:57;19 America being aware of the situation sent General George C. Marshall to China to replace Patrick Hurley and try to save the peace between the Nationalist and Communist. Shows arrival of General Marshall in Chongqing (Chungking) and being greeted by Chiang Kai-shek. Shows Zhou Enlai (Chou En Lai), negotiator for the Communist arriving at General Marshall's Chongqing Headquarters. Shws image of Zhang Qun, negotiator for the Nationalist, George C. Marshall, and Zhou Enlai, negotiator for the Communist. The agreement reached was a Federal Government permitting the two parties to govern the China Provinces they now controlled. In January 1946 Zhou Enlai and Zhang Qun is shown shaking hands to celebrate the truce. R6:01:01:05;04 Within two months troops were on the move again with each side blaming the other. Manchuria with its industry built by the Japanese is the greatest prize in China. In the major cities occupied by Chiang Kai-shek the Russian occupiers had looted every factory in every city leaving empty shells. R6:01:02:46;02 In the summer of 1946 Chiang Kai-shek returns his government to Nanjing (Nanking) and attempts to write a new constitution based on the philosophy of Sun Yat-sen. With American arms Chiang Kai-shek felt the Communist could be crushed, and against the advice of American advisors, his troops dug-in at with fortress-like garrisons at railway junctions at cities they had occupied. R6:01:03:48;05 Scenes of Shanghai in 1948. It is a beautiful city filled with China's poor and homeless labors willing to work for a bowl of rice. By 1948 inflation had destroyed the middle class who was Chiang Kai-shek political support. Shows bundles of paper money that was necessary to purchase goods after hyper inflation in Nationalist China. The root of the problem was that the cost of the civil war between the Nationalist and Communist. While the Nationalist government ran severe deficits in order to fund the civil war, and in doing so triggered hyperinflation. The Communist relied on a system of asset confiscation and land distribution from the rural elites to fund the war. R6:01:05:20;12 Scenes of the poor and starving Chinese people that were weary of war. The Communist had won the hearts and minds of a desperate people that only wanted food and peace.

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China / Asia / communism / Japan / Mao Zedong (1893-1976) / Beijing / politician / black and white / documentary / cult of personality / footage
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Largest available format × px 184 MB
Dimension [pixels] File size [MB] Duration [Seconds]
Footage × px 183.6 MB 659