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'Road To Interdependence' History Of U.S. Foreign Relations Documentary (part 2/10)
Compilation of major World events and Politics as WWII ends and the Cold War between Democracy and Communism as Communists annex a large swath of Europe, NATO is formed in response, war by proxy erupts in China, Korea, Vietnam and Africa, the death of Joseph Stalin, the Space Race begins with Sputnik, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the death of President John F. Kennedy, the Vietnam War, the Fall of Saigon, war in the Middle East and the OPEC oil embargo
Greek Civil War. Footage of fighting between the Greek Army and Greek Communist guerrillas. President Harry S. Truman, United States Secretary of State Dean Acheson, and Cabinet Members at meeting where the policy of containment was adopted to stop the Soviet Russian expansion. Start of the Cold War and the Truman Doctrine to contain the spread of communism. President Truman in a speech asked Congress for authority to support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid. Loading of food aid supplies on a ship; children in a food or soup line in Europe.
In Western Europe the post war economic crisis threatens political stability as poverty and hunger leads to demonstrations and rioting in the streets. Secretary of State George Marshall proposing the Marshall Plan. Congress supports the Marshall Plan - officially the European Recovery Program, ERP.
Scenes from 1948 depict the Communist takeover of Hungary, Bulgaria, Rumania, Poland and Czechoslovakia. Jan Masaryk, Czech diplomat and politician. Body of Jan Masaryk in casket. People of Czechoslovakia mourn the death of Jan Masaryk.