2nd April 1840
The French writer Emile Zola was born in Paris. 180 years.
2nd April 1805
Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author, best known for his fairy tales, was born. 215 years.
5th April 1955
Winston Churchill resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom amid indications of failing health. 65 years.
6th April 1520
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, known as Raphael, Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance, died. 500 years.
6th April 1820
Gaspard-Félix Tournachon known by the pseudonym Nadar, French photographer, is born. 200 years.
9th April 1830
Eadweard J. Muybridge, English photographer and inventor, was born. 190 years.
9th April 1865
The American Civil War, one of history's bloodiest wars, ended. 155 years.
12th April 1935
First flight of the Bristol Blenheim. 85 years.
12th April 1975
American-born French dancer, singer and actress, Josephine Baker died. 45 years.
12th April 1945
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States, died. 75 years.
13th April 1970
Launch of Apollo 13 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. 50 years.
14th April 1865
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th U.S. President, was assassinated. 155 years.
15th April 1945
Liberation of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. 75 years.
21st April 1945
Red Army entered outskirts of Berlin, Russian troops capture some outlying suburbs of Berlin at the beginning of what promises to be a bitter battle for control of the city. 75 years.
21st April 1990
Romain de Tirtoff, Russian-born French artist and designer known by the pseudonym Erté, from the French pronunciation of his initials, died. 30 years.
22nd April 1840
The French symbolist painter Odilon Redon was born. 180 years.
23rd April 1775
J.M.W Turner, a British romantic landscape painter, was born. 245 years.
27th April 1840
Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, is laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry. 180 years.
28th April 1945
Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy until his downfall in 1943, has been killed by partisans along with his mistress, Clara Petacci, and some close associates. 75 years.
29th April 1980
Alfred Hitchcock, the famous English film director and producer, died. 40 years.

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