12th November 1954
The closure of Ellis Island, the main immigration station in New York Harbour. It opened in 1892. 70 years.
29th November 1924
Giacomo Puccini, the Italian composer famous for operas like Madame Butterfly and La Boheme, died. 100 years.
24th November 1864
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, the French artist, was born. 160 years.
1st December 1899
Eileen Agar, British painter and photographer associated with the Surrealist movement, was born. 125 years.
2nd December 1814
The Marquis de Sade, the French aristocrat, writer and philosopher known for his perverse sexual preferences and violent erotica from which the term 'sadism' is derived, died. 210 years.
5th December 1839
George Armstrong Custer, the American cavalry officer killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, also known as Custer's Last Stand, was born. 185 years.
8th December 1864
Camille Claudel, French sculptor and graphic artist, sister of poet and diplomat Paul Claudel, was born. 160 years.
13th December 1944
Wassily Kandinsky, the Russian-born French artist known for his purely abstract work, died. 80 years.
14th December 1914
The Battle of the Falkland Islands, a British naval victory over the Imperial German Navy, World War I. 110 years.
14th December 1959
Sir Stanley Spencer CBE RA, one of Britain's most renowned 20th century painters, died. 65 years.
15th December 1939
"Gone with the Wind" Premières in Atlanta, Georgia. 85 years
16th December 1944
The Battle of the Bulge during the Second World War. 80 years.
16 décembre 1899
Naissance de Sir Noel Coward, dramaturge, compositeur, acteur et directeur anglais. 125 ans.
24th December 1914
WWI - Christmas Day Truce, on Christmas Eve & Christmas Day soldiers from both sides ventured into "no man's land", where they mingled and exchanged food and cigarettes. 110 years.
26th December 2004
The earthquake in the Indian ocean, creating the tsunami that hit South-East Asia. 20 years.
28th December 2004
Susan Sontag, American writer and filmmaker, professor and political activist, died. 20 years.

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