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12th October 1915 (114 Years)
British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium.
12th October 1933 (96 Years)
Alcatraz Island is made a federal maximum security prison.
13th October 1713 (316 Years)
Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter, is born.
13th October 1918 (111 Years)
Robert Hudson Walker, American actor best known for his starring role in Alfred Hitchcock's 1951 thriller Strangers on a Train, was born.
13th October 1921 (108 Years)
Yves Montand, Italian-born French actor and singer, was born.
14th October 1066 (963 Years)
Battle of Hastings: Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeated the English army and killed king Harold II of England.
14th October 1888 (141 Years)
Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand-born British short story writer, was born.
14th October 1894 (135 Years)
E.E Cummings, American poet and painter, died.
14th October 1926 (103 Years)
The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published.
14th October 1962 (67 Years)
The Cuban Missile Crisis begins.
14th October 1964 (65 Years)
Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize.
15th October 1814 (215 Years)
Mikhail Lermontov, the Russian romantic poet and novelist, is born.
15th October 1836 (193 Years)
Jacques Joseph Tissot, Anglicized as James Tissot, was born.
15th October 1917 (112 Years)
Mata Hari, exotic dancer and courtesan found guilty of espionage, is executed in France.
15th October 1917 (112 Years)
Mata Hari, exotic dancer and courtesan found guilty of espionage, is executed in France.
15th October 1938 (91 Years)
Brice Marden, American painter, was born.
15th October 1946 (83 Years)
Hermann Goering, Nazi leader, committed suicide.
16th October 1793 (236 Years)
Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, was guillotined at 12:15 p.m in Place de la Révolution, (present-day Place de la Concorde).
16th October 1813 (216 Years)
Battle of Leipzig, Napoleon defeated and forced to abdicate.
16th October 1854 (175 Years)
Oscar Wilde, poet originally from Ireland before moving to London, was born.
16th October 1892 (137 Years)
Adolf Ziegler, major painter for the Nazi Party, is born.
16th October 1913 (116 Years)
HMS Queen Elizabeth launched at Portsmouth Dockyard as the Royal Navy's first oil-fired battleship.
16th October 1946 (83 Years)
Nuremberg trials: Execution of the convicted Nazi leaders of the Main Trial.
16th October 1964 (65 Years)
Harold Wilson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
16th October 1978 (51 Years)
Karol Wojtyla is elected Pope John Paul II after the October 1978 Papal conclave, the first non-Italian pontiff since 1523.
16th October 1998 (31 Years)
Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a warrant from Spain requesting his extradition on murder charges.
17th October 1915 (114 Years)
Arthur Miller, American playwright and essayist, is born.
17th October 1918 (111 Years)
Rita Hayworth, American actress, singer, dancer, and producer, was born.
17th October 1928 (101 Years)
Frank Dicksee, English painter and illustrator, died.
17th October 1932 (97 Years)
Sylvia Plath, American poet, novelist, and short story writer, was born.

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