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Anniversaries 2024

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January 2024 Anniversaries
 

January 1st: Marks 90 years since Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay, California, became a federal prison. The prison opened in 1934 and closed in 1963. 

View of Alcatraz on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay
View of Alcatraz on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay / Universal History Archive/UIG / Bridgeman Images

 

January 1st: Marks 30 years since the death of American actor, Cesar Romero, best known for his role in The Joker in the 1960s television series, Batman

Head and Shoulders Publicity Portrait of Cesar Romero for the Science Fiction Film "Latitude Zero"
Cesar Romero, Head and Shoulders Publicity Portrait for the Science Fiction Film "Latitude Zero", Toho, 1969 © JT Vintage/Glasshouse Images/ © Toho Company/Bridgeman Images

 

January 7th: Celebrates 125 years since the birth of French composer and pianist, Francis Poulenc

Portrait of Francis Poulenc
Portrait of Francis Poulenc (1899-1963), 1920 (oil on canvas) / Bridgeman Images 

 

January 8th: Marks 200 years since the birth of Wilkie Collins, British novelist and playwright. Best known for The Woman in White and The Moonstone - which is regarded as the first modern British detective novel. He also collaborated with Charles Dickens. 

Litho of William Wilkie Collins
William Wilkie Collins (litho), English School (20th century) / Private Collection © Look and Learn / Bridgeman Images 

 

January 17th: 80 years since the beginning of the Battle of Monte Cassino (of the Second World War), ending on 18 May, 1944.

Red Cross nurses attend the early stages of the Battle of Monte Cassino / Universal History Archive/UIG / Bridgeman Images
Red Cross nurses attend the early stages of the Battle of Monte Cassino / Universal History Archive/UIG / Bridgeman Images

 

January 18th: Celebrates the 120th birthday of actor, Cary Grant.

American actor Cary Grant (1904-1986) in Paris (Hotel Raphael) on 29 March 1956 (b/w photo) / Photo © AGIP / Bridgeman Images
American actor Cary Grant (1904-1986) in Paris (Hotel Raphael) on 29 March 1956 (b/w photo) / Photo © AGIP / Bridgeman Images

 

January 20th: Marks the 125th birthday of Clarice Cliff, British ceramic artist. 

Still Life with Clarice Cliff Bowl
Still Life with Clarice Cliff Bowl (oil on canvas) / Peter Graham / Private Collection © Peter Graham. All Rights Reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images 

 

January 21st: A century since the death of Vladimir Lenin, Premier of the Soviet Union.

Vladimir Lenin embalmed in his coffin / Universal History Archive/UIG / Bridgeman Images
Vladimir Lenin embalmed in his coffin / Universal History Archive/UIG / Bridgeman Images


 
 

January 23rd: 80 years since the death of Norwegian artist, Edvard Munch, best known for his celebrated painting, The Scream

The Scream, Painting by Edvard Munch
The Scream, 1893 (Painting), Edvard Munch (1863-1944) / © Luisa Ricciarini / Bridgeman Images 

 

January 26th: The 200th anniversary of the death of French painter and lithographer, Theodore Gericault. Among his most celebrated works is, The Raft of the Medusa.

Self-portrait (oil on canvas) / Bridgeman Images

 

January 29th: Marks 60 years since the death of Alan Ladd, American film actor. 

Film still from "The Glass Key" starring Alan Ladd
The Glass Key, 1942, directed by Stuart Heisler starring Alan Ladd / Diltz / Bridgeman Images



January 31st: Marks 80 years since the death of French playwright and novelist, Jean Giraudoux

Portrait of Jean Giraudoux
Portrait of Jean Giraudoux (1882-1944), 1924 (oil on canvas), Jacques-Emile Blanche (1861-1942) / © Bridgeman Images 



February 2024 Anniversaries

 

February 1st: Honors 80 years since the death of Dutch abstract artist, Piet Mondrian. Celebrated for his paintings of simple geometric shapes painted in red, blue, yellow and black, Mondrian was an important member of the De Stijl movement. 

Composition with red, yellow, black, blue and grey by Mondrian
Composition with red, yellow, black, blue and grey, 1921 (oil on canvas) / longterm loan of The Rembrandt Society / © Mondrian/Holtzman Trust / Bridgeman Images

 

February 3rd: A century since the death of Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States. 

President Woodrow Wilson and First Lady Edith Wilson, circa 1915 / Bridgeman Images
President Woodrow Wilson and First Lady Edith Wilson, circa 1915 / Bridgeman Images


 

February 3rd: Celebrates 150 years since the birth of Gertrude Stein, American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector.

American author Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein (1874-1946), American author, c.1945 / CSU Archives/Everett Collection / Bridgeman Images


 

February 8th: 25 years since the death of Dame Iris Murdoch, Irish born British writer and philosopher. 

Portrait of Iris Murdoch by Mark Gerson
Iris Murdoch, 1987 (photo) © Mark Gerson Photography / Bridgeman Images 

 

February 10th: A decade since the death of American actress, singer and diplomat, Shirley Temple. Best known as Hollywood's leading child star in the 1930s. She later served as US ambassador to Ghana and Czechoslovakia. 

Portrait of Shirley Temple as a child, 1936 / Everett Collection / Bridgeman Images
Portrait of Shirley Temple as a child, 1936 / Everett Collection / Bridgeman Images

 

February 21st: The 90th birthday of Nina Simone - American singer, songwriter, pianist and civil rights activist. Her music spans genres including, classical, folk, gospel, blues, jazz, R&B and pop.

Nina Simone at the Boston Pops tribute to Paul McCartney, 1992. Everett Collection / Bridgeman Images
Nina Simone at the Boston Pops tribute to Paul McCartney, 1992. Everett Collection / Bridgeman Images


 

March 2024 Anniversaries

 

March 1st: Signals 40 years since the death of American actor, Jackie Coogan. The first major Hollywood child star, known for his leading role in The Kid. He later played Uncle Fester in the television series The Addams Family

Portrait of the American cinema actor Jackie Coogan
Jackie Coogan (1914-1984) / American cinema actor © Granger / Bridgeman Images 

 

March 9th: Marks 30 years since the death of Charles Bukowski.

Portrait of Charles Bukowski, 9 September 1978, San Pedro, Los Angeles, California, USA / © Sophie Bassouls. All rights reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images
Portrait of Charles Bukowski, 9 September 1978, San Pedro, Los Angeles, California, USA / © Sophie Bassouls. All rights reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images

 

March 9th: The 90th anniversary of the birth of Yuri Gagarin, Russian astronaut and Soviet pilot.

Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968) Russian astronaut during a space flight April 1961 (b/w photo) / Bridgeman Images
Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968) Russian astronaut during a space flight April 1961 (b/w photo) / Bridgeman Images

 

March 28th: Marks 30 years since the death of Eugene Ionesco, Romanian-born French playwright. One of the most important dramatists of the 20th century, Ionesco helped to create the Theatre of the Absurd. 

Portrait of Eugene Ionescu from the year 1957
Eugene Ionescu (1909-1994) / French Playwright here in 1957 (b/w photo) Photo © AGIP / Bridgeman Images 

 

March 31st: The 135rd anniversary of the completion of the iconic Eiffel Tower.

Eiffel Tower, Paris, France / Photo © Ulrich Faust/Imagebroker / Bridgeman Images
Eiffel Tower, Paris, France / Photo © Ulrich Faust/Imagebroker / Bridgeman Images

 

 

April 2024 Anniversaries

 

April 2nd: 50th anniversary of the death of Georges Pompidou, President of the French Republic from 1969 until his death in 1974. 

Georges Pompidou.  Photo © AGIP / Bridgeman Images

 

April 9th: 65 years since the death of Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect and writer. Lloyd Wright is often regarded as ‘the greatest American architect of all time’.

The Edgar J. Kaufmann House at Bear Run, Pennsylvania designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright
Fallingwater, The Edgar J. Kaufmann House at Bear Run, Pennsylvania designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1935 © Granger / Bridgeman Images 

 

April 10th: 130th anniversary of the birth of the English painter, Ben Nicholson.

1953 (Wicca), Nicholson, Ben (1894-1982) / Private collection / Photo © Christie's Images / Bridgeman Images
1953 (Wicca), Nicholson, Ben (1894-1982) / Private collection / Photo © Christie's Images / Bridgeman Images

 

April 22nd: Honors 40 years since the death of American photographer, Ansel Adams. Regarded as the most important landscape photographer of the 20th century, Adams was best known for his early monochrome shots of the American West. 

Portrait of Ansel Adams by Chris Felver
Ansel Adams, Camel, California 1980 (b/w photo) © Chris Felver. All rights reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images

 

April 22nd: 200th anniversary of the birth of Immanuel Kant, German philosopher and one of the leading thinkers of the Enlightenment.

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) German philosopher / Bridgeman Images
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) German philosopher / Bridgeman Images

 

April 24th: The 120th anniversary of the birth of Abstract Expressionist painter, Willem de Kooning.

Two Figures, 1946-47 (oil, coloured chalk and charcoal and board), Kooning, Willem de (1904-97) / Private Collection / Photo © Christie's Images / Bridgeman Images
Two Figures, 1946-47 (oil, coloured chalk and charcoal and board), Kooning, Willem de (1904-97) / Private Collection / Photo © Christie's Images / Bridgeman Images

 

 

May 2024 Anniversaries

 

May 9th: 150 years since the birth of Howard Carter, the British archaeologist and Egyptologist, who in November 1922, discovered the intact tomb of the 18th Dynasty Pharaoh Tutankhamun; the best preserved pharaonic tomb ever found in the Valley of the Kings.

Howard Carter (1873-1939), British archaeologist and Egyptologist who discovered the tomb of 18th Dynasty Pharaoh Tutankhamun in November 1922 / Bridgeman Images
Howard Carter (1873-1939), British archaeologist and Egyptologist who discovered the tomb of 18th Dynasty Pharaoh Tutankhamun in November 1922 / Bridgeman Images

 

May 12th: 80 years since the death of Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, British writer, poet and literary critic. Quiller-Couch was perhaps best known for The Oxford Book of English Verse

Engraving of Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch
Mr A T Quiller-Couch (engraving), English School, (19th century) / Private Collection © Look and Learn / Bridgeman Images 

 

May 19th: 40 years since the death of British poet, writer and broadcaster, John Betjeman, who was Poet Laureate from 1972-1984. 

Portrait of Sir John Betjeman by Mark Gerson
Sir John Betjeman, 1960 (photo), Private Collection © Mark Gerson Photography / Bridgeman Images 


May 28th: Marks 175 years since the tragic death of British novelist and poet (and the youngest member of the Bronte family), Anne Bronte, who passed away at age 29 to Tuberculosis. Bronte was perhaps best known for her novels, Agnes Grey and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall

Portrait of the three Bronte Sisters
Portrait of the three Bronte Sisters / Patrick Branwell Bronte (1817-48) / © Giancarlo Costa / Bridgeman Images 

 

June 2024 Anniversaries

 

June 3rd: Centenary of the death of Franz Kafka, the Czech-born Austrian modernist author.

Franz Kafka with his dog, 1910 (b/w photo), Czech School, (20th century) / Private Collection / Prismatic Pictures / Bridgeman Images
Franz Kafka with his dog, 1910 (b/w photo), Czech School, (20th century) / Private Collection / Prismatic Pictures / Bridgeman Images

 

June 6th: The 80th anniversary of the Normandy landings by the Allies.

Preparing for the Normandy landing at Slapton Sands, Devon, England / Bridgeman Images
Preparing for the Normandy landing at Slapton Sands, Devon, England / Bridgeman Images

 

June 10th: 90 years since the death of Frederick Delius, British composer.

Portrait of English composer Frederick Delius
Frederick Delius, English composer, photograph © Tully Potter / Bridgeman Images 

 

June 12th: 100 years since the birth of George H. W. Bush, who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989-1993.

United States: George H. W. Bush (1924 - ) was the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993. Photographic portrait, White House, 1989 / Pictures from History / Bridgeman Images
United States: George H. W. Bush (1924 - ) was the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993. Photographic portrait, White House, 1989 / Pictures from History / Bridgeman Images

 

June 19th: Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act in the United States 60 years ago.

CIVIL RIGHTS LAW, 1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as Martin Luther King, Jr. and others look on. Photograph by Cecil Stoughton, 2 July 1964. / Granger / Bridgeman Images
CIVIL RIGHTS LAW, 1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as Martin Luther King, Jr. and others look on. Photograph by Cecil Stoughton, 2 July 1964. / Granger / Bridgeman Images

 

June 23rd: Celebrates 200 years since the birth of Carl Reinecke, German Romantic composer, conductor and pianist. 

Portrait of German pianist, composer and conductor Carl Reinecke
Carl Reinecke portrait, German pianist, composer and conductor (1824-1910) © Lebrecht Music Arts / Bridgeman Images 


July 2024 Anniversaries

 

July 1st: Marks 125 years since the birth of Charles Laughton, British-born American stage and film actor, and stage director, who was best known for his roles in films including The Private Life of Henry VIII, Mutiny on the Bounty and The Hunchback of Notre Dame. 

Charles Laughton as Bottom in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Nights Dream
Charles Laughton as Bottom in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Nights Dream, 1958 (photo)  © Brian Seed / Bridgeman Images 


July 1st: Marks 20 years since the death of Marlon Brando, American stage and film actor and director. One of the most important actors of the 20th century, (A Streetcar Named Desire, On the Waterfront, The Wild One, Viva Zapata!
 

Marlon Brando in the era of the movie Julius Caesar
Marlon Brando in the era of the movie Julius Caesar, 1953 /  Bridgeman Images 

 

July 4th: The 90th anniversary of the death of Polish physicist, Marie Curie, who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity, which substantially contributed to Cancer treatment methods. 

Portrait of Marie Curie c.1901 (b/w photo), French photographer, (19th century) / Private Collection / Prismatic Pictures / Bridgeman Images
Portrait of Marie Curie c.1901 (b/w photo), French photographer, (19th century) / Private Collection / Prismatic Pictures / Bridgeman Images

 

July 5th: Marks 135 years since the birth of Jean Cocteau, the celebrated French author, playwright, artist and director.

Jean Cocteau (1889-1963) / Bridgeman Images
Jean Cocteau (1889-1963) / Bridgeman Images

 

July 12th: Celebrates 200 years since the birth of French landscape artist, Eugene Boudin, who was particularly noted for his painterly works depicting the sea and coastlines. 

Marine Scene by Eugene Louis Boudin
Marine Scene, 1894 (oil on canvas), Eugene Louis Boudin / Bridgeman Images 


 

July 13th: Honors 70 years since the death of groundbreaking Mexican artist, Frida Kahlo, best known for her vivid and explorative self-portraits. 

Mexican painter Frida Kahlo in a hammock
Mexican painter Frida Kahlo in a hammock, 1948 (b/w photo) / Bridgeman Images 

 

July 21st: 125 years since the birth of famed Pulitzer-Prize winning American author, Ernest Hemingway, who penned key works including, The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, and The Old Man and the Sea.

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), Sun Valley, Idaho
Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), Sun Valley, Idaho, 1939 / Bridgeman Images

 

August 2024 Anniversaries
 

August 3rd: 20th anniversary of the death of French humanist photographer, Henri Cartier-Bresson, who is considered a master of spontaneous photography and one of the first users of 35mm film. He was a pioneer of street photography and saw the medium as the capture of a decisive moment. Cartier-Bresson was one of the founding members of Magnum Photos in 1947.

Portrait de Henri Cartier-Bresson, 1938 (photo) / Prismatic Pictures / Bridgeman Images

 

August 13th: Celebrates English auteur filmmaker, Alfred Hitchcock’s 125th birthday. Today, he is considered one of the most influential figures in the history of cinema. 

British director Alfred Hitchcock, a seagull and a raven on his shoulders, posing during the filming of "The Birds"
British director Alfred Hitchcock, a seagull and a raven on his shoulders, posing during the filming of "The Birds" 1963 / United Archives GmbH / Bridgeman Images

 

August 26th: The 50th anniversary of the death of American aviation pioneer, Charles Lindbergh.

Charles A. Lindbergh in St. Louis, Missouri, USA 1923 (photo), American photographer, (20th century) / Private Collection / Prismatic Pictures / Bridgeman Images
Charles A. Lindbergh in St. Louis, Missouri, USA 1923 (photo), American photographer, (20th century) / Private Collection / Prismatic Pictures / Bridgeman Images

 

September 2024 Anniversaries

 

September 5th: Celebrates Caspar David Friedrich's 250th birthday. The 19th century landscape painter is generally considered the most important German artists of his generation and the Romantic movement. 

Painting by Caspar David Friedrich
The Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, 1818 (oil on canvas), Friedrich, Caspar David (1774-1840) / Bridgeman Images 


September 30th: Centenary birthday of American novelist, screenwriter, playwright, actor, and socialite Truman Capote. Capote is attributed with the invention of the creative non-fiction genre with his novel, In Cold Blood.

Portrait of Truman Capote
Truman Capote in Milan, Italy, 24th February 1966 (b/w photo) / Farabola / Bridgeman Images

 

October 2024 Anniversaries 

 

October 1st: 39th President of the United States, Jimmy Carter's 100th birthday. Carter is the longest-lived President in US history.

Portrait of Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter, (b/w photo) © CSU Archives / Everett Collection / Bridgeman Images 

 

October 9th: Honors Nicolas Roerich’s 150th birthday - Russian artist and stage set and costume designer. Roerich famously worked with the Ballet Russes.

The artwork "Saint Olga, Princess of Kiev" by Nicolas Roerich
Saint Olga, Princess of Kiev ( collage and tempera on paper), Roerich, Nicolas (1874-1947) / Russian © Fine Art Images / Bridgeman Images 

 

October 16th: 170th anniversary of the birth of Irish poet and playwright, Oscar Wilde, who also penned the influential novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray.

Oscar Wilde, early 1880s (photo), Napoleon Sarony (1821-96) / Photo © Ken Welsh. All rights reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images
Oscar Wilde, early 1880s (photo), Napoleon Sarony (1821-96) / Photo © Ken Welsh. All rights reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images

 

October 17th: 175th anniversary of the death of Frederic Chopin, Polish composer and pianist of the Romantic period, who wrote mainly for solo piano. He maintained a worldwide reputation as one of the leading musicians of his time.

Frederic Chopin (1810-49) 1838 (oil on canvas) / Bridgeman Images
Frederic Chopin (1810-49) 1838 (oil on canvas) / Bridgeman Images


November 2024 Anniversaries

 

November 3rd: Marks 70 years since the death of iconic French Modernist artist, Henri Matisse. His oeuvre of work spanned over half a century and developed from Impressionism to Fauvism and further through Modernism. 

French painter Henri Matisse
French Painter Henri Matisse (1869-1954) during Exhibition in Paris in September 1945 (b/w photo) / Photo © AGIP / Bridgeman Images


November 9th: The fall of the Berlin Wall; on this day in 1989, East Germany opened its checkpoints, allowing its citizens to travel to West Germany. This pivotal historic moment marked the fall of the Iron Curtain, one in a series of events that initiated the collapse of communism in Eastern and Central Europe.

Crowd celebrating the opening of the West Berlin-GDR border at the top of the Berlin Wall, Brandenburg Gate, 10 November 1989 (b/w photo) / Berlin, Germany / © Hans Peter Steibing / Bridgeman Images
Crowd celebrating the opening of the West Berlin-GDR border at the top of the Berlin Wall, Brandenburg Gate, 10 November 1989 (b/w photo) / Berlin, Germany / © Hans Peter Steibing / Bridgeman Images

 

November 29th: Marks 100 years since the death of Italian composer, Giacomo Puccini who is often regarded as the greatest and most successful proponent of Italian opera after Verdi. 

Portrait of Italian composer Giacomo Puccini
Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer, 22 December 1858 - 29. November 1924 / Lebrecht Music Arts / Bridgeman Images

 

November 30th: The 150th birthday of Sir Winston Churchill.

English Prime Minister Winston Churchill
English Prime Minister Winston Churchill (1874-1965) in 1950 / Bridgeman Images 

 

December 2024 Anniversaries

 

December 1st: The 125th anniversary of the birth of Eileen Agar, a British painter and photographer associated with the Surrealist movement.

The House of the Muses, Agar, Eileen (1899-1991) / Private Collection / © Estate of Eileen Agar. All rights reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images
The House of the Muses, Agar, Eileen (1899-1991) / Private Collection / © Estate of Eileen Agar. All rights reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images

 

December 7th: The centenary birthday of Mario Soares, who served as who served as Prime Minister of Portugal from 1976-1978 and from 1983-1985, then subsequently as the 17th President of Portugal from 1986-1996. Soares is considered the father of Portuguese democracy. 

Portuguese socialist leader Mario Soares arrives at Geneva Cointrin airport
Portuguese socialist leader Mario Soares, on the right, arrives at Geneva Cointrin airport on 23 September 1975. Soares will appear live on a TV show on TV Romand (b/w photo) © Photopress Archiv/Keystone/ Bridgeman Images 


December 13th: The 80th anniversary of the death of Wassily Kandinsky, the Russian-born French artist known as a pioneer in the abstract movement.

Points in the Curve, 1927, Kandinsky, Wassily (1866-1944) / Private Collection / Universal Historical Archives / Bridgeman Images
Points in the Curve, 1927, Kandinsky, Wassily (1866-1944) / Private Collection / Universal Historical Archives / Bridgeman Images

 

December 14th: The 65th anniversary of the death of Sir Stanley Spencer CBE, RA, one of the most renowned British painters of the 20th century.

Buttercups in a meadow, (oil on canvas), Spencer, Stanley (1891-1959) / Private Collection / Photo © Christie's Images / © Estate of Stanley Spencer. All rights reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images
Buttercups in a meadow, (oil on canvas), Spencer, Stanley (1891-1959) / Private Collection / Photo © Christie's Images / © Estate of Stanley Spencer. All rights reserved 2022 / Bridgeman Images

 

December 24th: Marks 500 years since the death of Portuguese explorer, Vasco da Gama, the first European to reach India by sea. 

Portrait presumed to be of Vasco da Gama
Portrait presumed to be of Vasco da Gama (1469-1524) / Bridgeman Images 

 

December 28th: Honors 100 years since the death of Leon Bakst, a member of the Sergei Diaghilev circle and the Ballets Russes, for which he designed exotic, richly colored sets and costumes.

Costume design for a bacchante in 'Narcisse' by Tcherepnin
Costume design for a bacchante in 'Narcisse' by Tcherepnin, 1911 (pencil & w/c on paper) / Bridgeman Images 


 


 


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