10th April 1954
Auguste Lumiere, the French cinema pioneer who developed a film projector and camera with his brother Louis, died. 65 years.
12th June 1964
The conviction and sentencing of the revolutionary, Nelson Mandela. 55 years.
12th November 1954
The closure of Ellis Island, the main immigration station in New York Harbour. It opened in 1892. 65 years.
13th August 1899
The British film director and producer, also known as the "Master of Suspense", was born. 120 Years.
13th December 1944
Wassily Kandinsky, the Russian-born French artist known for his purely abstract work, died. 75 years.
13th July 1954
Frida Kahlo, the Mexican artist known for her self-portraits, died. 65 years.
16th April 1889
Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin, English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame during the era of silent film, was born. 130 years.
16th December 1944
The Battle of the Bulge during the Second World War. 75 years.
16th May 1929
The 1st Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which honored the best films of 1927 and 1928, took place. 90 years
17th January 1899
Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone, American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era, was borne. 120 years
17th January 1944
WWII - The Battle of Monte Cassino began, and continued until 18th May 1944. 75 years.
1st April 1919
Walter Gropius founded the Staatliche Bauhaus in Weimar. 100 years
1st April 1939
The end of the Spanish Civil War, fought between the Republicans and the Nationalists. 80 years.
1st January 1959
The Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro led the Cubans to victory over Fulgencia Batista. 60 years.
1st October 1924
Jimmy Carter, the 39th president of the United States, was born. 95 years.
1st September 1939
Germany invaded Poland, commencing World War II. 80 years.
20th April 1889
Adolf Hitler, the Austrian-born German politician, was born. 130 years.
20th July 1969
The American Apollo 11 was the first space-flight that landed humans (Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin) on the moon. 50 Years.
21st August 1959
President Eisenhower signed proclamation admitting Hawaii to the union as the 50th state. 60 years.
21st January 1924
Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Russian SFSR and premier of the Soviet Union, died. 95 years.
22nd August 1939
The Molotov-Ribbentrop is signed. The pact between Germany and Russia, reported as a non-aggression treaty but was actually an agreement to split Poland between them. 80 years.
24th November 1864
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, the French artist, was born. 155 years.
24th November 1929
Georges Benjamin Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France during WWI, died. 90 years.
27th December 1949
Indonesian National Revolution - After four years of conflict, the Netherlands formally transfers sovereignty over to Indonesia. 70 Years

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