20th October 1964
Herbert Hoover, the American President, died. 60 years.
22nd October 1964
Jean-Paul Sartre refused the Nobel Prize for literature. 60 years.
22nd October 1844
Sarah Bernhardt, French stage and early film actress; referred to as "the most famous actress the world has ever known", was born. 180 years.
31st October 1984
Indira Priyadarshini Nehru Gandhi, Indian politician and central figure of the Indian National Congress party, and to date the only female Prime Minister of India, is assassinated. 40 years.
3rd November 1954
Henri Matisse, the French artist and leader of the Fauvist movement, died. 70 years.
6th November 1814
Adolphe Sax, the Elgain-born French musical instrument designer who invented the Saxaphone, was born. 210 years.
9th November 1989
The fall of the Berlin Wall. 30 years.
12th November 1954
The closure of Ellis Island, the main immigration station in New York Harbour. It opened in 1892. 70 years.
24th November 1864
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, the French artist, was born. 160 years.
24th November 1929
Georges Benjamin Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France during WWI, died. 95 years.
29th November 1924
Giacomo Puccini, the Italian composer famous for operas like Madame Butterfly and La Boheme, died. 100 years.
1st December 1899
Eileen Agar, British painter and photographer associated with the Surrealist movement, was born. 125 years.
2nd December 1814
The Marquis de Sade, the French aristocrat, writer and philosopher known for his perverse sexual preferences and violent erotica from which the term 'sadism' is derived, died. 210 years.
5th December 1839
George Armstrong Custer, the American cavalry officer killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, also known as Custer's Last Stand, was born. 185 years.
8th December 1864
Camille Claudel, French sculptor and graphic artist, sister of poet and diplomat Paul Claudel, was born. 160 years.
13th December 1944
Wassily Kandinsky, the Russian-born French artist known for his purely abstract work, died. 80 years.
14th December 1914
The Battle of the Falkland Islands, a British naval victory over the Imperial German Navy, World War I. 110 years.
14th December 1959
Sir Stanley Spencer CBE RA, one of Britain's most renowned 20th century painters, died. 65 years.
15th December 1939
"Gone with the Wind" Premières in Atlanta, Georgia. 85 years
16th December 1944
The Battle of the Bulge during the Second World War. 80 years.

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