27th January 1343
Pope Clement VI issues the papal bull Unigenitus to justify the power of the pope and the use of indulgences. Nearly 200 years later, Martin Luther would protest this. 675 years.
27th January 1593
The Vatican opens the seven-year trial of scholar Giordano Bruno. 425 years.
28th January 1958
The Lego company patents the design of its Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today. 60 years.
29th January 1393
Bal des Ardents (the "Ball of the Burning Men"): Charles VI of France almost died when costumes caught fire at a masquerade ball. 625 years.
29th January 1843
William McKinley, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 25th President of the United States, was born. 175 years.
29th January 1888
Edward Lear, poet and author, died. 130 years.
30th January 1948
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the pre-eminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India was assassinated in New Delhi. 70 years.
30th January 1968
The Tet Offensive, one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched. 50 years.
1st February 2013
The Shard, the tallest building in the European Union, is opened to the public. 5 years.
1st February 1918
Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar. 100 years.
2nd February 1868
Pro-Imperial forces captured Osaka Castle from the Tokugawa shogunate and burned it to the ground. 150 years.
2nd February 1943
World War II: The Battle of Stalingrad comes to conclusion as Soviet troops accept the surrender of 91,000 remnants of the Axis forces. 75 years.
3rd February 1468
Johannes Gutenberg, German publisher, invented the Printing press, died. 550 years.
4th February 1918
Ida Lupino, a pioneering director and producer working within the 1950s Hollywood system, was born.100 years.
4th February 1948
Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka) becomes independent within the British Commonwealth. 70 years.
5th February 1888
Anton Mauve, Dutch painter and cousin of Vincent van Gogh, died age 49. 130 years.
6th February 1918
British women over the age of 30 get the right to vote. 100 years.
6th February 1918
Gustav Klimt, Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement, died. 100 years.
6th February 1793
Carlo Goldoni, Italian-French playwright, died. 225 years.
8th February 1968
Gary Coleman, American actor, was born. 50 years.

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