4th January 1847
Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government. 170 years
5th January 1757
Louis XV of France survives an assassination attempt by Robert-François Damiens, then executed by drawing and quartering: the traditional capital punishment used for regicides. 260 years.
5th January 1972
President Richard Nixon and NASA Administrator James C. Fletcher announced the start of Space Shuttle program. 45 years
10th January 1917
William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody, US frontiersman, died in Denver, Colorado. 100 years
10th January 1952
SS Flying Enterprise, a 6,711 ton Type C1-B ship, was built in 1944 as SS Cape Kumukaki for the US Maritime Commission for use in World War II, sank. 65 years.
14th January 1867
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres,French Neoclassical painter, dies. 150 years.
14th January 1957
Humphrey DeForest Bogart, American actor and cultural icon, died. 60 years.
16th January 1547
Ivan IV of Russia a.k.a. Ivan the Terrible becomes Tzar of Russia. 470 years.
16th January 1957
Arturo Toscanini, Italian conductor and one of the most acclaimed musicians of the late 19th and of the 20th century, died. 60 years
16th January 1942
Carole Lombard, American film actress and the highest-paid star in Hollywood in the late 1930s, died. 75 years.
18th January 1892
Oliver Norvell "Babe" Hardy, American comic actor famous as one-half of Laurel and Hardy, was borne. 125 years.
19th January 1917
73 people are killed and 400 injured in the Silvertown explosion, a munitions plant in London. 100 years
20th January 1942
Nazi officials hold the Wannsee Conference, calling for the Final Solution. 75 years.
23rd January 1947
Pierre Bonnard, French painter and founding member of the Post-Impressionist group of avant-garde painters Les Nabis, died. 70 years.
24th January 1942
Citizen Kane, the 1941 American drama film by Orson Welles,and its first feature film, premièred in the UK. 75 years.
25th January 1882
Adeline Virginia Woolf, English modernist writer, was born. 135 years.
25th January 1947
Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone, American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era, died. 70 years
28th January 1807
Pall Mall in London becomes the first street to be lighted by gas lamps. 210 years
28th January 1887
Construction of the Eiffel Tower begins. 130 years.
31st January 1977
The Georges Pompidou National Center for Art and Culture in Paris, called “Beaubourg” opens. 40 years

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