18th January 1841
Emmanuel Chabrier, French Romantic composer and pianist, most famous for two of his orchestral works, España and Joyeuse marche, is born. 175 years.
18th January 1936
Rudyard Kipling, English short-story writer, poet and novelist, dies. 80 years.
19th January 1766
Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, Italian French painter and architect, dies. 250 years.
19th January 1966
Indira Gandhi, daughter of India's first prime minister, becomes the country's next leader. 50 years.
20th January 1936
Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom after the death of George V. 80 years.
20th January 1961
The Democrat John F. Kennedy is sworn in as the youngest ever elected president of the United States. 55 years.
21st January 1976
Concorde's first commercial flights from London Heathrow to Bahrain and from Paris to Rio. 40 years.
22nd January 1946
Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 70 years.
22nd January 1901
Queen Victoria, the longest reigning British monarch in UK history, dies. 115 years.
22nd January 1891
Antonio Gramsci, Italian writer and politician and founder of the Italian Communist Party, is born. 125 years.
23rd January 1986
Joseph Beuys, German Fluxus, happening and performance artist, dies. 30 years.
23rd January 1866
Thomas Love Peacock, English novelist, famous for 'Nightmare Abbey', dies. 150 years.
27th January 1921
Donna Reed, American film and television actress and producer, was born. 95 years.
27th January 1986
Lilli Palmer, born Lilli Marie Peiser, German actress, died. 30 years.
29th January 1936
Patrick Caulfield, English painter and printmaker, known for his bold paintings, is born. 80 years.
30th January 1841
Félix Faure, sixth president of the French Third Republic, is born. 175 years.

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