11th June 1936
The International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England. 80 years.
14th June 1926
Mary Cassatt, American painter and printmaker, who was part of the French Impressionists, dies. 90 years.
18th June 1916
Max Immelmann, Germany's first air ace of the First World War and a pioneer in fighter aviation, dies. 100 years.
18th June 1936
Maxim Gorky, Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the Socialist realism literary method and a political activist, dies. 80 years.
24th June 1916
Mary Pickford became the first female film star to sign a million-dollar contract. 100 years.
24th June 1916
Thomas Eakins, American realist painter, photographer, sculptor, and fine arts educator, dies. 100 years.
25th June 1741
Maria Theresa of Austria was crowned Queen of Hungary. 275 years.
28th June 1491
Henry VIII of England was born. 525 years.
28th June 1841
The Paris Opera Ballet premièred Giselle in the Salle Le Peletier. 175 years.
28th June 1926
Mercedes-Benz was formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies. 90 years.
29th June 1916
The Irish Nationalist and British diplomat Sir Roger Casement is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising. 100 years.
1st July 1566
Nostradamus, French apothecary and reputed seer, best known for his book Les Propheties, dies. 450 years.
1st July 1916
Olivia Mary de Havilland, British-American actress, best known for playing Melanie Hamilton in Gone With The Wind, was born. 100 years.
1st July 1916
World War I: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded. 100 years.
2nd July 1996
Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland after 700 years. 20 years.
2nd July 1991
Lee Ann Remick, American film and television actress, died. 25 years.
4th July 1766
The US Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence, drafted by Thomas Jefferson. 240 years.
4th July 1826
Thomas Jefferson, American lawyer and politician, 3rd President of the United States, died. 190 years.
5th July 1946
The first modern bikini two-piece swimsuit was unveiled at a fashion show in Paris. 70 years.
5th July 1996
Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell. 20 years.

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