1st January 1863
Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee, was born. 155 years
1st January 1793
Francesco Lazzaro Guardi, Venetian painter of veduta, nobleman, and a member of the Venetian School, died. 225 years.
1st January 1863
Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln. 155 years.
3rd January 1883
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, former Prime Minister of the UK and Leader of the Labour Party, was born. 135 years.
4th January 1958
Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from orbit. 60 years.
4th January 1643
Sir Isaac Newton, mathematician and scientist, was born. 375 years.
5th January 1968
Alexander Dubček comes to power: "Prague Spring" begins in Czechoslovakia. 50 years.
5th January 1938
Juan Carlos I of Spain or Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, was born. 80 years.
6th January 1928
Capucine, French actress and model, was born. 90 years.
6th January 1978
The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) is returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after World War II. 40 years.
6th January 1993
Rudolf Khametovich Nureyev, Russian-French dancer and choreographer, died. 25 years.
7th January 1943
Nikola Tesla, Croatian-Serbian-American physicist and engineer, died. 75 years.
8th January 1918
President Woodrow Wilson announces his "Fourteen Points" for the aftermath of World War I. 100 years.
9th January 1863
The opening of the first underground railway in London. 155 years.
9th January 1908
Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir, commonly known as Simone de Beauvoir, was born. 110 years.
9th January 1923
Katherine Mansfield, writer of the Dove's Nest, died at 34. 95 years.
11th January 1838
First telegraph message of dots and dashes is sent in the United States. 180 years.
11th January 1928
Thomas Hardy, English author and poet, died. 90 years.
13th January 1893
The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom holds its first meeting. 125 years.
14th January 1963
The Flying Scotsman made its last run. 55 years.

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